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The future of Britain's high streets 英国传统购物街的未来

3已有 55 次阅读  2019-10-07 10:03

英国的传统商业街被称为 “high street” 高街,这是购物者过去购买时尚品牌和必需品的地方,也是能找到熟悉高街品牌商店和连锁咖啡馆的地方。然而现在,面对来自大型购物中心和互联网购物的竞争,传统购物街的数量逐年减少,再也不见往日的熙攘。“随身英语” 讨论英国购物街近年来的变化。

Vocabulary: shopping 词汇:购物

Do you like shopping? For shopaholics in the UK, the place to head to used to be the ‘high street’. This location refers to the streets in the centre of a town where businesses and popular branches of retail chains could be found. It was the place where you could find familiar fashion brands and essential everyday items. But change in our shopping habits has taken its toll on the British high street.

News about shops losing money and shutting is now common. Some city-centredepartment stores have closed and even long-established retailers such as Marks and Spencer have reported profit slumps. According to the accountancy firm Pricewaterhouse Coopers and the Local Data Company, a record 2,481 shops disappeared from UK high streets last year - up by 40%. Even some large warehouse-style stores in out-of-town retail parks, have gone bust and shut up shop.

As the BBC’s Emma Simpson writes, things have become a lot harder for traditional retailers in recent years. They have faced rising costs from wages, business rates and the requirement to introduce Europe’s new data law. But the biggest threat has come from online shopping. She says “Consumers now spend one in every five pounds online - and if businesses are seeing 20% fewer sales on the shop floor, as well as their fixed costs rising, then profit margins will be squeezed.”

While some of us like to window shop – browsing for things to buy, only to purchase them online at a discount - the fact is that, overall, shoppers are making fewer visits to high streets. Eventually, town centres could become like ghost towns. If people aren’t out and about shopping, they won’t use other services, like cafes, restaurants and cinemas. It also results in job losses. The British Retail Consortium has already warned that 900,000 UK retail jobs could be lost by 2025. The high street has also suffered from the advent of big shopping malls, which offer a retail experience under one roof, with free parking, away from the bad weather!

Meanwhile, back on the high street, some shops still exist. Analysts have said it’s those that have moved away from traditional retailing that are surviving. These include beauty salonsnail bars and independent coffee shops – but are these kinds of shops enough to keep the British high street open for business?

词汇表

shopaholic 购物狂
branch 分店
retail chain 连锁店
brand 品牌
take its toll 造成损失
department store 百货公司
retailer 零售商
profit 利润
slump 猛跌,下滑
warehouse-style store 仓储式商店
out-of-town 城外的,市郊的
retail park (郊外的)购物区,零售商业区
bust 破产的
business rate 商业税
consumer 消费者
shop floor 实体店里,商店里
fixed costs 固定成本
margin 利润
window shop 只逛不买;浏览商店橱窗,但无意购买
browse 随意看
ghost town “鬼镇”,被废弃的城镇
shopping mall 购物中心
beauty salon 美容院
nail bar 美甲店


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